Most people fear they are having a heart attack when chest pain. There is good news and bad news. The good news is, not all chest pain comes from the heart. The causes can range from merely being inconvenient, like a muscle pain to more serious like heart burn, as the esophagus ("discharges") runs behind the heart. Some can even be life-threatening, like a blood clot in the lungs.
At heart chest pain called angina. It tends to be worse with exercise and better with rest. It can feel like uncomfortable pressure, squeezing, fullness or pain and may be mild or severe. Heart attack pain can sometimes feel like indigestion or heartburn.
Bad news is, not all heart attacks begin with sudden crushing pain that is usually shown on TV or in the movies. Some may start slowly as mild pain or discomfort. Some people have no symptoms at all (this is called a silent heart attack). This is not the same for everyone.
So what is a heart attack? A heart attack occurs when blood flow to part of the heart becomes blocked. If blood flow is not restored quickly, the section of the heart becomes damaged from lack of oxygen and begins to die.
Coronary artery disease is when a fatty material called plaque (Plak) accumulated over many years on the inside walls of the coronary arteries (arteries that supply blood and oxygen to the heart). Eventually, an area of plaque can rupture, causing a blood clot to form on the surface of the plate. If the clot becomes large enough, it can block most or all of the flow of oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle fed by the artery.
How do I know they are at risk of having a heart attack? Unfortunately, all things can not be changed. How old are you and gender play a role in the risk of a heart attack. Your age are, the greater the risk. Men are at higher risk of heart attacks than women until after menopause. Then increase the risks for women.
Fortunately, there are risk factors for heart attacks, which can be changed or controlled. These include smoking, obesity, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and diabetes.
So a woman of 20 years who is otherwise well, and suddenly experiences chest pains after fighting with her boyfriend is far less likely to be a heart attack than the 60-year-old male smoker anyone missed the last appointment His doctor revision diabetes, and now experiences chest pain.
So what can I do to prevent or reduce my risk of heart attack? Quit smoking. Maintain ideal weight. Eat sensibly. Exercise regularly. Get screened for any of the medical conditions treatable, especially if you have a strong family history of heart disease, are a smoker, already have a disease or are over age 40.
And if you have any medical conditions such as hypertension, high cholesterol or diabetes, see your doctor regularly and get them under control.
So there are tests that a doctor can do to check if they are at risk for a heart attack? There is a whole series of tests, including blood tests to check the above risk factors, such as the sugar and cholesterol levels.
Electrical activity of the heart can be measured by an ECG. Doctors may also stresses the heart by running on the treadmill, called an exercise ECG. Think of the first test that checks the flow of traffic on a major highway Sunday morning, with 2 of the 4 lanes blocked, and review the same day highway during rush hour peak, with the same 2 lanes blocked. If physicians suspected
Large, they may be invasive test called cardiac catheterization, in the case where the blood vessel is inserted into the catheter to check the degree of blockage. A stent can be made at the same time, if necessary. There is also a non-invasive method now using a CT scan called a CT coronary angiography.
Treatment of a heart attack is aimed at reducing the chance of having another heart attack, and helping the damaged heart to function optimally. Treatment depends on how severe the symptoms are. There are a number of available treatment of medical treatment, angioplasty with stent surgery. A combination may also be used. Your doctor will evaluate each patient and decide what the best options are.
Category: Healthcare Basics