At one point, little can be done for people with heart disorders and for those who have suffered a heart attack. And so today, drugs improved and new methods of treatment allow many cardiac (heart) patients to live a normal or near normal. Also, new types of equipment and new methods of performing heart operations have saved the lives of many people for whom there was previously no hope.
Arteries can become hardened elderly or reduced. This can be serious if it occurs in the coronary arteries supply blood to the heart is cut. Severe chest pain may result. A heart attack occurs when the heart muscle is deprived of its blood supply. Permanent heart muscle can be damaged and replaced with scar tissue. Most people who have heart attacks recover. They must rely for several weeks or more, but can usually then lead a normal life. A heart whose muscle
Was badly damaged can not do a good job of pumping blood. This condition is called heart failure. With this condition, fluid collects in parts of the body such as the lungs and ankles.
Doctors have a variety of medications and other treatments to deal with cardiac disorders. A drug called digitalis is given to strengthen weak heart muscles. Drugs called diuretics help to rid the body of excess fluid through the kidneys.
Diet is usually an important part of treatment for cardiac patients. Your doctor may prescribe a diet that is low in salt content. This is because fluids tend to collect in the body, in the presence of salt. The heart must work harder to pump the extra fluids. The doctor usually recommends a patient to lose weight. The heart of an overweight patient must work harder to pump blood to the tissue extra, unnecessary body. A low-fat diet may be prescribed because of a possible link between fat and hardening of the arteries. Patients are also advised not to smoke. Smoking is a cause of serious lung diseases, and apparently also increase the risk of certain types of heart disease.
Beating heart provides the pressure to move along blood in the blood vessels. If space smaller arteries is reduced, as can happen in older people should be more involved heard to make moving blood. This leads to hypertension. Medicines are used that cause arteries to relax and thus reduce blood pressure. Other drugs lead to a drop in pressure effect on nerves that control the small arteries.
Heart rate is controlled by the electrical impulses in the nervous system. These impulses set the pace for the heartbeat. Sometimes the impulses may cause irregular or one that is too fast or too slow. Usually this is a temporary condition. If the problem is a serious one, an artificial pacemaker is located in the heart painlessly. Pacemaker is powered by a small battery that lasts for years. The-saving pacemaker supplies electrical impulses to the heart, causing it to beat regularly and at a satisfactory pace.
Medical and surgical skill have saved or prolonged millions of lives. But some hearts are so severely damaged that they can not be repaired. The first heart transplant was performed in December 1967 and we have come a long way since then. Take care of yourself. Your family loves you.
Category: Healthcare Basics