Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is unfortunately very typical of an anxiety disorder nowadays, its main features are recurrent intrusive thoughts that have a good chance of leading to repetitive behavior.
Unwanted thoughts or obsessions patient receives which all come to mind as his or her fears, worries and even a strong urge to do things. These obsessions are likely to worsen if the person is under stress.
Behaviors resulting from obsessive thoughts and compulsions are called someone looks like any ritual; the patient repeats certain actions (such as washing hands, as most of them seem to be bothered by the existence of germs) in an obsessive way.
While obsessive compulsive symptoms are hard to detect (in most cases, the description made by the patient's behavior is sufficient, while in other cases of psychiatric evaluation tests is a must), the exact cause of this anxiety disorder do not e do not know.
For many years it was considered a rare disorder, but recent tests have shown that it is quite widespread. Scientists are inclined to believe that it is a biological abnormality (although it was initially considered as the result of a head injury or infection) as a type of CT scan that uses an imaging procedure shows abnormal chemical activity in any patient brain regions .
Symptoms of this disorder can be mild or severe and usually appear early in life, with ages from twenty to thirty years, hitting both men and women mostly between, regardless of race. People with mild obsessive-compulsive disorder sometimes fail to control and to hide this condition when they are at work, for example, but will most likely occur in private.
There are a range of other disorders that accompany OCD: Anxiety, depression, eating disorders etc. Some of the patients are, fortunately, able to understand how unrealistic and inappropriate thoughts and behavior are and why they can control their impulses can a lot better than others, but overall, this disorder is not easy to control.
Antidepressants and behavioral therapy are effective and they are the patient's most basic remedies That controls the DCO. Psychotherapy is used to reduce anxiety and resolve internal conflicts, but at the same time is very effective against stress. A thought-stopping technique is used to teach the patient to stop any unwanted thoughts and focus attention on relieving symptoms of anxiety.
An additional technique for preventing exposure / response obsessive-compulsive applied comprises exposing the patient repeatedly in a situation known to trigger anxiety symptoms until he or she has learned to resist the need to perform constraint.
Unfortunately, patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder can not always be cured. Once the disorder has set in, the patient can be helped to keep it under control with medication and therapy, but sooner or later the old symptoms will come back and a new therapy session, plus appropriate medication will be needed . The regular treatment can do is to keep this disorder in its mildest possible so that patients will not feel handicapped because where.
Category: Healthcare Basics