In the adult population of industrialized countries has a significant heart attack as a cause of death, possibly due to lack of timely care. You know what to do in case of accident?
First, it is important to know what a heart attack: The coronary arteries are responsible for sending blood to the heart, through which it provides oxygen and nutrients it needs to function. The passage of time, these passages may be affected by cholesterol (fat) that has accumulated on the walls, which leads to shrink within himself, so that the blood flowing through the artery is reduced and moving more slowly. If an accident occurs extremely partial or total, making the heart, not the oxygen it needs, leading to body cells die and suffer serious injury, causing injury or death to the affected area of the heart. The first sign of this happening is what is called an attack, and is characterized by symptoms that are explained later.
Almost everyone is prone to attack, but the higher the risk to those who: *
family history of heart problems (heart attack).
* They suffer high blood pressure (hypertension).
* They consume too much salt. *
obese or overweight. * They
hectic pace of life.
* They neglect their diet and contain high percentages of fat, which raises cholesterol levels.
Quiet, very quiet
for a heart attack there is no place or time, can happen when you least imagine without being ready to cope, especially if you are alone. However, it should be able to recognize the early signs and a sudden severe chest pain that extends his left arm chin (mandible).
Is extremely important, I think, if you first sign while driving, try to slow to find a place to stop completely, should do the same if you go running or walking Below, for example, find where to sit down and emergency doctor immediately or your services. Stay calm and do not think "and it will happen" or "nothing" because even if you have strange sensations not easy to determine if it is a heart attack because the symptoms are similar to those presented indigestion. However, you may begin to sweat and feel dizzy, which means your heart does not beat properly.
If you can not help at the time and the situation described above, help yourself by coughing repeatedly and breathing very strong, deep between each cough, making deep and prolonged, as when you need to have phlegm lodged deep into the chest. A breath and cough must be repeated about every two seconds until help arrives or not until you feel the heart returns to normal rhythm.
Each brings deep breathing oxygen to the lungs and coughing movements squeeze the body and keep the blood stream. If possible, apply direct pressure on the heart, as this may help restore normal rhythm.
Being treated for heart disease, beads may be prescribed nitroglycerin, which could sometimes be used as described. Its effect is directed to expand the blood vessels, so in this way can receive the oxygen required for the heart.
To help arrives, try to act calmly, but quickly, because if it takes a long time permanent damage can occur in your heart or even death.
What is important, how to be a healthy life. It is worth remembering some of the most important recommendations:
cholesterol. It is important functions in accordance with the fatty compound in the body, but if it appears in large quantities affecting health, as it is carried by the bloodstream and deposited in the arteries of the heart with the consequences described. If you leave out of your life, follow healthy diet rich in fruits, vegetables and fiber, low in salt and fat.
Smoke. It reduces the quality of the oxygen flowing through your veins, together with nicotine, one of thousands of components directly affect the heart rate and blood pressure change. Suffer the same consequences as people use drugs, so it is advisable to move gradually from both vices, like overnight may have other consequences, primarily emotional.
Hypertension. Hypertension, called by experts "silent killer" fast heart rhythm steady, inevitably causing long-term depletion. It is advisable that the doctor check your blood pressure and give medication or change habits that will maintain the limits.
Stress. Intense pace of modern life favors for all activities scheduled on the heart to work at a steady pace. If possible days scheduled, and even a few hours of rest, sleep experts recommend at least six hours recovering lost energy and ready for the day.
Obesity. Being overweight is linked to the level of hypertension and high cholesterol, as highlighted factors contribute to an increased risk of heart attack. Seek help from a specialist, in this case, dietitian, who will design for you diet that fits your lifestyle, which will surely get the desired results. Exercise
. Regular physical activity strengthens the heart and lungs, among other organs, as well as collaboration in blood purity. Walk a few minutes a day and, without noticing that your health will gradually improve.
Alcohol. It is true that small amounts exert a favorable effect on cholesterol and also protects against coagulation. However, larger amounts increases blood pressure, leading to irregular heartbeats and heart muscle damage, because this product degradation is slower in women (for their operation metabolic), they are more susceptible to the damaging abuse of drink. Estrogens
. During the reproductive years, women produce estrogen hormone important that, among other functions, helps protect the heart. When you reach menopause around 48, stops its production and vital body may be weak, so it is common for gynecologists (women medical specialty) provides so-called "hormone replacement therapy," helping to heal damaged vessels blood and strengthen the heart, thus reducing the risk of heart attack by almost 50%.
Course, a healthy lifestyle will allow you to increase life expectancy, so that the most relevant is to see your doctor and taking measures that will benefit your body. Meanwhile, we believe that may be exposed to a heart attack and it is important to know what to do with it.
Category: Healthcare Basics