Heart Attack and Stroke
Two causes of death and disability worldwide. Clearly, not enough people know about the risks and factors surrounding these two medical emergencies. For example, many believe that as long as they do not smoke, consume too much alcohol, and exercise regularly they would be immune from this killer disease. However, a number of individuals not to watch their diet, which is sometimes composed of fatty foods and fast-food orders. These facts should not be taken for granted. Read on to find ways to protect yourself and loved ones from this dreaded disease.
A heart attack occurs when an artery becomes blocked, preventing therefore the blood that carries oxygen and essential nutrients to reach the heart. With insufficient oxygen, a heart area or is permanently damaged. Some heart attacks are abrupt and severe, but most cases develop slowly, usually with mild pain or discomfort. Persons who are affected can not be certain symptoms and seek care when it is too late.
Following are possible warning signs that can mean a heart attack occurs:
Discomfort in the center of the chest that can last more than a few minutes. This can feel like squeezing pain that goes away and then comes back;
discomfort or pain in the upper body areas such as the jaw, neck, one or both arms, stomach, or back;
Shortness of breath, which may occur with or without chest pain; and
cold sweat, cough, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, fainting.
Stroke or "brain attack," occurs because of lack of blood flow to the brain (ischemic stroke) and, in some cases, bleeding in the brain (hemorrhagic stroke). According to medical experts, the blood vessels in the brain are damaged, because if fatty deposits or blood clot which may block parts of the brain. With insufficient blood that carries oxygen and nutrients, brain cells die and cause permanent damage.
Warning signs of stroke include:
Numbness or weakness in the face, arm or leg. These usually numbness on one side of the body;
severe headache with unknown causes;
swallowing or drooling;
uncontrolled eye movements, eyelids drooping;
loss of balance or coordination; and
personality change, depression.
Persons experiencing these signs, they should act quickly and go to hospital immediately. Getting immediate treatment can save the victim's life and reduce the chances of developing disabilities. Medical specialists advice patients to receive treatment three hours after stroke. Stroke should be treated with intensive care and support that only hospitals can support life.
A healthy lifestyle is essential in the prevention of heart attack and stroke. Some factors that may contribute to the risk of stroke include age, family history of stroke, high cholesterol, smoking, and diabetes. In addition to these risks, drug and alcohol abuse, head injury, and bleeding disorders may increase the risk of stroke.
Possibility of recovering most or all of the body functions that survived the stroke is only 10 percent. Most even experience long-term disability. Therefore, the best immunity when it comes to a stroke is to have a healthy and active lifestyle.
Category: Healthcare Basics