Heart disease is the number one cause of death for both men and women in the United States. But fortunately, superior treatments for heart attack that can save lives and prohibit disabilities. Treatment is almost effective when started in 1 minute after the start of symptoms. Many people could recover from heart attacks if they got help quickly. Among those who die of heart attacks, about half die within an hour of the first symptoms and before reaching the hospital.
A heart attack occurs when blood supply to part of the heart muscle itself is severely reduced or stopped myocardium. Reducing or stopping happens when one or more of the coronary arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle is blocked. This is usually caused by the buildup of plaque (deposits of fat that), a process called atherosclerosis. Plaque can eventually burst, tear or rupture, creating an "obstacle" where a blood clot forms and blocks the artery. This leads to a heart attack.
If the blood supply is interrupted for more than a few minutes, muscle cells suffer permanent injury and die. This can kill or disable someone, depending on how much heart muscle is damaged. The medical term for heart attack is myocardial infarction. A heart attack is also sometimes called a coronary thrombosis or coronary occlusion.
If you or someone you're with has a heart attack: 1. Call 911
Only take an ambulance to the hospital. Going in a private car can delay treatment.
3. Take a nitroglycerin pill if your doctor has prescribed this type of medicine.
4. Put an aspirin under the tongue. Aspirin reduces blood clotting and can help maintain a heart attack worse. But do not delay call 911 to get an aspirin.
Category: Healthcare Basics