Cholesterol, a yellowish oily substance, is one of the essential ingredients of the body. Although
is essential for life, it has a bad reputation, being a major villain in heart disease. Each person
with high cholesterol is considered a likely candidate for heart attack, stroke or hypertension
. Cholesterol is a block
outer membrane of cells. It is the main ingredient in digestive bile juice
the fatty sheaths that insulate nerves and sex hormones, namely estrogen and androgen
. It performs several functions such as transport of fat, which provides
defense mechanism, protecting the red blood cell membrane and muscular body.
majority of cholesterol in the body is produced in the liver. However, about 20 to 30 percent
often comes from the foods we eat. Some high cholesterol is secreted in bile into the intestinal tract
and becomes mixed with dietary cholesterol. The percentage of ingested cholesterol absorbed seemed
average 40 to 50 percent of intake.
body excrete extra cholesterol from the intestines system and kidneys.
the amount of cholesterol is measured in milligrams per 100 millimeters of blood.
normal cholesterol levels range from 150 to 250 mg. Per 100 ml. People with atherosclerosis have
uniformly high blood cholesterol usually above 250 mg. Per 100 ml.
In the blood cholesterol is bound to certain proteins – lipoproteins have an affinity for fat
blood, known as the lipid. There are two main types of lipoproteins: Low density one (LDL) and high density
one (HDL). Low-density lipoprotein which is considered to be harmful and
is associated with cholesterol deposits from blood vessels. The highest rate of total cholesterol LDL
, the greater the risk of damage to blood pressure and heart disease. HDL on the other hand, plays a salutary
by helping remove cholesterol from circulation and therefore reduce the risk of heart disease
cholesterol has been the subject of extensive study conducted by researchers from 1769 when French chemist
, La Salle purified substance Polutier yellowish-looking soap. Study results
comprehensive research, commissioned by the National Institute of Heart and Lung US
were announced about four years ago. The study of 10 years, considered the most
research project developed and most expensive medical history indicates that heart disease is directly related
blood cholesterol levels and lowering cholesterol significantly reduces the incidence of heart attacks
. It has been estimated that for every one per cent reduction in cholesterol
, there is a decreased risk of heart attack by two percent. Causes
Hyperchjolsterolaemia or increase cholestrol digestive problem is often caused by food rich
such as fried foods, excessive consumption of milk and its products like ghee, butter and cream
, flour, sugar, cakes, confectionery, biscuits, cheese, ice cream and non-vegetarian food
such as meat, fish and eggs. Other causes of increase in cholesterol are irregularity in habits, smoking and alcohol consumption
Stress has been proven to be a major cause of high levels of cholesterol. Adrenaline and cortisol are so
released in the body under stress. This, in turn, produces a reaction
fat metabolism. Adrenals executive type people produce more adrenalin aggressive
men simple way. Therefore, they suffer six to eight times more heart attacks than men
To reduce the risk of heart disease, it is essential to reduce LDL and increase HDL
. This can be achieved by improving diet and lifestyle change.
important factor is diet. As a first step, foods high in cholesterol and saturated fats, which raise LDL
, should be minimized. Cholesterol-rich foods are eggs, organ meats and May
cheese, butter, bacon, beef, milk, almost all foods of animal origin
and two vegetable oils or coconut and palm are high in fat
saturated and they should be replaced with polyunsaturated fats such as corn, safflower and sesame oils
sobayeans which tend to reduce the level of LDL. There are monosaturated fats, such as olive oil and peanut
which effect more or less neutral to LDL.
American Heart Association recommends that people limit to 300 mg.
of cholesterol a day and women 275 mg. It also provides that the fat should not be more than 30 percent of
diet and no more than one third of this would be saturated.
Association, urges, however, a somewhat strict regime for those who already have elevated levels of cholesterol
amount of fiber in your diet also influence cholesterol levels and LDL cholesterol can be reduced by taking
diets rich in fiber. The most important sources of dietary fiber are unprocessed wheat bran
, whole grains, such as wheat, rice, barley, rye; legumes such as
potato, carrot, beet and turnip; fruits like mango and guava and green vegetables such as cabbage
, ladies finger, lettuce and celery. Oat bran is particularly beneficial in lowering LDL cholesterol
lecithin, also a fatty food substance and the most abundant phospholipid in the case
is very beneficial to increase the level of cholesterol. It has the ability to break cholesterol
small particles which can be easily handled by the system. With sufficient intake of lecithin, cholesterol can build
arteries and veins. It also increases the production of bile acids
made of cholesterol, thus reducing its value in the blood.
egg yolk, vegetable oils, whole grains, soyabeans and unpasteurized milk are rich sources of lecithin
. Body cells are also capable of synthesizing this as required, where many of the B vitamins are present
Diets rich in vitamin B6, choline and inositol supplied wheat germ, yeast or B vitamins extracted from bran
were particularly effective in reducing blood cholesterol. Sometimes
vitamin E raised the blood lecithin and reduces cholesterol, probably by preventing essential fatty acids
to be destroyed by oxygen.
People with high blood cholesterol levels should drink at least eight to 10 glasses of water each day
as regular drinking water stimulates the excretory activity of the skin and kidneys. This, in turn,
facilitates removal of excess cholesterol in the system. Regularly Alcohol
coriander (dhania) water also helps, lower blood cholesterol as it is a good diuretic and stimulates the kidneys
. It is prepared by boiling dry seeds of coriander and straining the decoction after cooling
. Regular exercise
also plays an important role in lowering LDL cholesterol, and increasing HDL protective
. It also promotes movement and helps to maintain blood flow to every part of the body
. Jogging or walking, swimming, cycling and playing badminton
are excellent forms of exercise.
Yogasnas are extremely beneficial because it helps breathing and stimulates increased activity of the sebaceous glands to secrete effectively
accumulated cholesterol or excess muscle tissue
. Asane as ardhamatsyaendrasana, shalabhasana, padmasanaand
Vajrasana are useful in reducing blood cholesterol levels by increasing systemic activity.
Hydrotherapy can be used successfully to reduce excess cholesterol. Bai cold hip
10 minutes twice taken every day were found to be beneficial. Steam baths are also helpful
except for patients suffering from hypertension and other circulatory disorders. Mud, applied over
abdomen improve digestion and assimilation. They improve the functioning of the liver and other digestive organs and activates the kidneys and intestines
to better promote excretion.
Category: Healthcare Basics