Symptoms of heart attack in men

| May 13, 2015

Also known as acute myocardial infarction, stroke is the leading cause of death worldwide. An average of 1.2 million Americans suffer a heart attack annually and 40% of these people die. This condition is characterized by an interruption of blood flow to a region in the heart. Interrupting the results of lack of oxygen, which causes heart tissue damage and tissue death.

People with a history of stroke, atherosclerotic heart disease or angina and abnormal heart rhythms have a higher risk of experiencing a heart attack. The disease mostly affects men over 40 and women over 50 years. There are also medical and scientific studies stating that women who use birth control pills have a higher risk of a heart attack than those who do not use them. A person's lifestyle can also increase the chances of a heart attack. Smoking, alcohol, drug abuse, presence of high levels of triglycerides in the food you eat, high levels of LDL and low HDL levels are any risk factors should learn to avoid. On the other hand, people diagnosed with diabetes, obesity, hypertension and high levels of stress are also considered to be at serious risk.

A person who has a heart attack will have chest pain, nausea, shortness of breath, vomiting, sweating, palpitations and anxiety. These symptoms are mostly experienced by men while in women, symptoms include fatigue and weakness. There is evidence that at least 30% of all myocardial infarction incidents have no visible symptoms and are considered to be heart "silent".

A person suffering from a heart attack requires immediate medical attention to prevent sustained heart damage Aside from receiving oxygen, glyceryl trinitrate and aspirin; people who have heart attacks will undergo a series of diagnostic tests, including an electrocardiogram, blood test and chest X-ray. These tests will determine levels of troponin or creatine kinase which are mostly an indicator of cardiac tissue damage. Treatment can involve thrombolytic therapy or percutaneous coronary intervention. For severe cases, bypass surgery will be done to unblock the affected coronary artery.

Heart attacks are mostly driven by intense effort, both mental and physical. Severe acute infections such as pneumonia can trigger also heart attacks. A person's risk of having a heart attack is mostly a clinical history of chest pain that lasts longer than 20 minutes. The person will also have changing ECG readings as well as fluctuating levels of serum cardiac biomarkers.

People who have survived a heart attack can reduce the risk of recurrence by monitoring blood pressure and implementing lifestyle changes. They would not be allowed to smoke, drink excessively and will be encouraged to exercise regularly, a well balanced diet and take long-term medications. These medications include antiplatelet drug therapy (aspirin) therapy with beta blockers (metoprolol), treatment with ACE inhibitors, statin therapy, aldosterone antagonist eplerenone agent and omega-3 fatty acids.

Complications from a heat attack are very likely to occur immediately. These complications can include congestive heart failure, myocardial rupture, pericarditis, life-threatening arrhythmias and cardiogenic shock. This is why heart attacks can be so fatal because the effects occur quickly enough.


Category: Healthcare Basics

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