Heart disease heart attack
Affect your heart muscle, blood vessels, and electrical system and is the leading cause of death among women. The most common form of heart disease is coronary artery disease in which plaque (a fat-like substance) deposits on artery walls. Plaque build-up is called atherosclerosis. This is a chronic condition that occurs in people with risk factors such as diabetes, obesity, smoking, abnormal blood fat levels, high blood pressure, a family history of heart disease and age. When a plaque ruptures, it causes a blood clot to form and suddenly block an artery. If this happens in an artery in the heart, resulting in a heart attack. Treatment
control blood pressure control cholesterol levels.
maintain a healthy weight.
Eat a low-fat diet.
care of diabetes.
Be aware of chest pain.
Blood pressure High blood pressure (also called hypertension) occurs when blood moves through the arteries at a higher pressure than normal. The heart is a pump designed to force blood through our body. Blood is pumped from the heart through arteries to our muscles and organs.
Pumps work by generating pressure. Put simply, too much pressure puts a strain on the arteries and the heart itself. This can cause an artery to rupture or the heart to fail under the strain – in the worst case stopping altogether. Treatment
Blood pressure is measured with a monitor called sphygmomanometer. This is a digital box attached to a tube with a cuff end. The cuff is placed around the arm and inflated to a certain level, then deflated slowly. A sensor in the cuff provides information about blood pressure or a doctor or nurse will listen to the blood flow using a stethoscope. Hypertensive heart disease heart disease
Hypertensive is any one of a number of complications of hypertension which affects the heart. It is one of the most common causes of death in Western societies. Heart disease is the No. 1 cause of death associated with hypertension and is actually a group of disorders that include heart failure, ischemic heart disease and left ventricular hypertrophy Treatment of common medications
Include diuretics, beta-blockers, calcium channel blockers , angiotensin -converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, angiotensin II receptor antagonists and vasodilators direct. Intravenous diazoxide or nitroprusside may be prescribed if hypertension is extremely severe and intensive care is necessary. Preventive measures against hypertension heart disease emphasize control over weight, healthy diet (rich in fiber and vitamins), and abstinence from drugs and alcohol. In case of a severe heart problem, surgery may be needed to restore normal blood flow in the heart and / or blood vessels.
In addition to medications, recommended lifestyle changes include weight loss, exercise, and dietary adjustments. Dietary recommendations include fruits, vegetables, and low fat dairy products increase. Whole grains, poultry and fish are also generally recommended. It should be avoided Tran fats and saturated fats. Patients may benefit from reducing salt intake. If you smoke, stop smoking – cigarettes are a major cause of hypertension and related heart disease. Reducing excessive alcohol consumption may also help.
Category: Healthcare Basics