Heart disease is a term widely used, which refers to many different diseases of the heart and blood vessels. Some forms of heart disease develop when the heart is attacked by viruses or are caused by congenital deformities. However, in many cases heart disease is related to lifestyle and the choices we make on a daily basis. It is therefore important to be able to understand the risk factors that contribute to heart disease. Some of them are under your control, but some of them are not. The following is a summary of various risk factors.
Risk factors you can not change:
* Age – Heart disease increases with age.
* Family history – the risk of heart disease increases if a close family member had heart disease or a stroke.
* Gender – Being male putting at high risk of developing heart disease. The women, however, have an increased risk after menopause.
* Race – If you're African-American, Mexican-American, South Asian, Native American and Aboriginal, you are at increased risk.
Risk factors you can change or control:
* lack of activity and exercise – couch potatoes too some people have become sedentary lifestyle and this is affecting our hearts in a negative way. You need to start exercising every day to ward off heart disease. Doing this allows you to maintain a healthy weight and keep your heart pumping strong and effective.
* Smoking – Smoking Whether you are one or you're breathing in second hand smoke, you damage blood vessel walls every time. Smoking causes also your heart to work harder, because it reduces the amount of oxygen carried in the blood. It should be noted that this applies to anything be it smoking cigarettes, cigars, or pipes. *
eating habits – must focus more on fruits and vegetables for heart health, whole grains, and foods that have lots of fiber in them. You also want to avoid or decrease consumption of foods that are high in fat and replace them with foods that have healthy fats like omega 3. Salt it is also known to contribute to hypertension which is a characteristic risk for heart disease, so limit your salt intake, too. Also, you want to limit alcohol consumption, as more than two drinks a day increases blood pressure.
* High blood pressure – blood pressure that is too high damages blood vessels and makes the heart work harder. Over time, the heart can become weaker. Regular visits to your doctor to monitor your blood pressure is important, as is taking any prescribed medication to lower it. Blood pressure may also be controlled to start an exercise program under the guidance of your doctor, lose weight if necessary, down and control the stress in your life, not smoking, and eating healthy foods.
* High blood cholesterol – you want to ensure that less healthy LDL cholesterol is kept under control and that healthy HDL cholesterol in your body can do the job. High cholesterol is said to increase deposits of fatty streaks on the walls of blood vessels, which can lead to narrowing their time.
* Diabetes – is important if you have diabetes, controlling blood sugar levels through diet, exercise, and medications that simply have diabetes increases the risk of developing heart disease.
* Stress – Stress, when it becomes prolonged, is not good for your heart. You need to learn how to de-stress by exercising, joining a fun activity, or just learning to say "no" to things that come your way every day.
Short, there are risk factors for heart disease; some of which we can control or change, others you can not control. Even if you have a number of risk factors that can not change, I know that there are other risk factors that you can change.
Category: Healthcare Basics