There are several different types of treatment available for patients with Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). A TBI is any type of blunt or piercing trauma to the head causing brain damage to a person. Initial treatment of a person immediately after the injury stabilizes TBI. Then rehabilitation center care treatment help restore the patient's ability to function in daily life. If TBI is serious, acute treatment may be necessary, as this type of treatment aims to minimize secondary damage and negative effects on the life support system of a patient. Finally, surgery may be used to prevent secondary damage by helping to maintain blood flow and oxygen to the brain and minimize swelling and pressure.
Initial treatment of a traumatic brain injury begins on arrival at a hospital. At the hospital, a team of medical professionals generally led by a trauma surgeon, will meet with the patient. As a leader, direct trauma surgeon entire team. Staff will initiate trauma resuscitation procedures, monitoring of vital body functions, to respond to potential life-threatening changes and coordinate care with other medical staff.
Patient may need surgery for injuries. In addition to surgery trauma, surgical staff may include neurosurgeon, a physician performing the surgery brain and spinal cord; an orthopedic surgeon, a physician working with broken bones such as fractures of arms and legs or spine; or a general surgeon. In addition to the doctors who are patient assessment and their response to treatment, assistance will b trauma care for the patient: Providing resuscitation, stabilization and supportive care. Nurses have a responsibility to coordinate and ensure communication within the hospital and family.
Once stabilized, brain-injured patient will be transferred to a specialized trauma care unit. Care will be provided by critical care personnel. Responsibility healthcare staff is to monitor, asses and interpret important physiological functions and to repeat these assessments at regular intervals while both doctor and family with notification of any changes to the patient. It will be monitored for signs of infection and pain. There are other key members of staff also plays an important role in this specialized trauma care unit. The respiratory therapist job is to help initial resuscitation efforts to provide oxygen therapy, and to configure settings on the ventilator to a patient to ensure proper functioning of the respiratory equipment. In addition, the patient's respiratory therapist will monitor their breathing: Looking at blood gas results and listening to the lungs.
In most trauma centers, a psychologist familiar with acute trauma is part of the team. Using crisis intervention techniques, patient and family psychologist will assist in making decisions during a crisis. The psychologist provides counseling and education on injury and assess patient knowledge. A trauma social worker will work also with the family after the injury. As a psychologist, social worker will prepare the family emotionally and physically to face ill or disabled patient. Trauma social worker will assist the family in making plans during recovery, especially if the recovery is progressing slowly. The social worker trauma will encourage families to consider the role and responsibility changes while the patient is sick, including changes in finance and family support, and will also assist the family in planning for discharge and most patients proceed to a facility rehabilitation.
Traumatic Brain Injury Victims' families often have many questions when their loved one is transferred to a rehabilitation center care. Similar to acute care facility, the patient will be cared brain injury by a team of professionals who specialize in the care of trauma victims. Their goals are to stabilize the medical and rehabilitation related brain damage and other damage, while also preventing secondary complications. Complications can include pressure sores, pneumonia and contractures. At a rehabilitation facility staff will also work to help the patient restore lost functional abilities. Functional Changes could include limited ability to move, use the bathroom, talk, eat and think. Every day, the patient will attend therapy. Initially, the patient may require personal assistance even simple tasks: Brushing teeth, getting out of bed and eating. The patient also may request personal safety, since there is a risk of falling, eloping (trying to leave the hospital to go home) or getting hurt. The patient may be confused and forgetful.
In some cases, patients do not proceed to rehabilitation services because the damage is too severe. In such cases the patients are treated acutely and, in some cases the surgical treatment, but the treatment of rehabilitation can not be an option, because some cases are too severe TBI in order to allow rehabilitation. In case of traumatic brain injury, TBI victim once received the good medical treatment, the injured person or their family may wish to seek advice or traumatic brain injury lawyers. Lawyers brain injury experience and information to patients and their families need to know regarding patient rights and compensation due to needing receive for expenses such as future medical care, current medications and treatment, and pain and suffering. If necessary, the patient can use one or more brain injury lawyer to look into filing a lawsuit traumatic brain injury.
Category: Healthcare Basics